Q: 47 (CDS-I/2002)

Consider the following regarding the defeat of Marathas in the third battle of Panipat.
1. Tactical errors by Sadashiv Rao Bhao
2. Superior generalship of Ahmad Shah Abdali
3. Presence of a large number of non- combatants in the Maratha army
4. Treachery of a commander, Ibrahim Khan Gardi, of the Maratha army
Which of these were the causes of the defeat of Marathas?
question_subject: 
History
question_year: 
2002
question_exam: 
CDS-I
stats: 
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