Q: 5 (SCRA/2013)

Consider the following statements about Mahatma Gandhi:
1. Non-violence to him, is both an instrument of action as well as a persona] creed.
2. He was opposed to violence, and class wars, and resisted mass political action,
3. He was a nationalist, therefore he believed in a centralized polity.
4. He rejected the praciiee of Untouchahility and called for the abolition of Vamashramadharma.
Which of the above can be implied from a reading of Gandhian thought ?