Q: 87 (CAPF/2010)

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Roughly extending from 8Рnorth to 38Рnorth latitude and from 68Рeast to 98Рeast longitude the country of India is of great geographical extent and diversities. It sprawls from the snowy ranges of the Himalayas in the north to the shores of the Indian Ocean in the south through the great plains and plateaus in between. It is about 3200 km in length from north (Kashmir) to south (Kanyakumari) and 2900 km from west (Gujarat) to east (Arunachal Pradesh), its vast ness in area and variation in tropographic character and geological structure result in great diversities in climate, vegetation, soil, cropping pattern, human activities and so on across the country. It is often known as a subcontinent.

Which one among the following is the most important reason behind the prevalence of extreme type of climate in different parts of India ?