Option 1 states that both Statement I and Statement II are individually true, and that Statement II is the correct explanation of Statement I. To assess the accuracy of this option, we need to analyze both statements.
Statement I claims that coalition in India is always a post-political phenomenon. This means that coalitions are formed after elections take place. It is important to note that there have been instances in India where coalitions have been formed before elections as well. Therefore, Statement I is not entirely true.
Statement II states that the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) was formed after the Lok Sabha Election of 2004. This statement is true. The UPA was indeed formed after the election results were declared in 2004.
Given that Statement I is not entirely true and Statement II is true, it can be concluded that both statements are individually true but Statement II is not the correct explanation of Statement I. Therefore, option 2 is the correct answer.