The correct answer is option 1, which states that the Parliament of India consists of the President, the Lok Sabha, and the Rajya Sabha. Let`s dissect each option to better understand the answer:
- The President: The President of India is the head of state and is an integral part of the Indian Parliament. The President has limited powers in the legislative process, such as giving assent to bills passed by the Parliament.
- The Lok Sabha: The Lok Sabha, also known as the House of the People, is the lower house of the Parliament. It consists of members elected by the people of India. The Lok Sabha is responsible for representing the views and interests of the citizens.
- The Rajya Sabha: The Rajya Sabha, also known as the Council of States, is the upper house of the Parliament. It consists of members who are elected indirectly, representing the states and union territories of India. The Rajya Sabha plays a crucial role in reviewing and amending laws proposed by the Lok Sabha.
Option 2 is incorrect because it includes the Vice President as a part of the Parliament. While the Vice President is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha (upper house), they are not directly a part of the Parliament.